Research Methodology 2 2017/2018
- 6 ECTS
- Taught in Portuguese
- Continuous Assessment
- relevant skillset
With this course, students will be able to:
• Recognize the contents and styles of format in psychological research reports;
• Recognize the main objective of the literature review and master literature research skills;
• Reflect about the multiplicity of aims that guide psychological research;
• Acknowledge, identify and conciliate quantitative and qualitative reserach methods in psychology;
• Identify and select research designs;
• Understand the importance of the quality of sampling procedures;
• Learn about data collection, organization and analysis;
• Consider ethical concerns in psychological research;
• Develop critical thinking skills about the quality of the methods used in psychological research;
• Develop autonomy to plan a research in psychology.
Students should have working knowledge of the fundaments of psychological research, as presented in the Research Methods I course.
The theoretical-practical classes will aim to combine expository and active, participated, and collaborative methods. The expository methods will be supported on Power-Point slides, on the exploration of research papers and other forms of research reports, on the exploration of data sets, and the visualization of videos. Active methods will be based on practical activities, namely on the reflection and discussion of the quality and applicability of qualitative and quantitative psychological research methods, as well as the development and presentation of two research projects. These practical activities will aim to actively solve research problems in psychology, and the critical evaluation of the used methods. Students will be invited to present and critically discuss research methods in this course, developing individual and group-based assignments.
Body of Work
1. The psychological research report: contents and style.
2. Identifying research questions in psychology. The central role of the literature review.
3. Definition of the research's aims.
4. Quantitative methods in psychological research
4.1 Fundaments and the researchers' assumptions
4.2 Research designs: experimental, correlational, and longitudinal
4.3 Sampling procedures
4.4 Data collection: measures and procedures
4.5 Ethical concerns in data collection and handling
5. Qualitative methods in psychological research
5.1 Fundaments and the researcher's assumptions
5.2 Data collection in qualitative research
5.3 Data organization
5.4 Data analysis in qualitative research
6. Mixed methods in psychological research
American Psychological Association (2009). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Almeida, L. S., & Freire, T. (2010). Metodologia da investigação em psicologia e educação (5ª edição). Braga: Psiquilíbrios.
Bryman, A. (2008). Social research methods. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Coutinho, C. P. (2011). Metodologia de investigação em ciências sociais e humanas: Teoria e prática. Coimbra: Livraria Almedina.
Creswell, J. W. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Howittt, D., & Cramer, D. (2011). Introduction to research methods in psychology (3rd. ed.). Harlow, England: Pearson Education Limited.
Ferreira, S., Saavedra, L., Taveira, M.C., & Araújo, A. M. (2013). Escolhas e planeamento de carreira: A tirania dos discursos tradicionais. Revista Brasileira de Orientação Profissional, 14(2), 165-175.
Janeiro, I., Duarte. A. M., Araújo, A. M., & Gomes, A. I. (2017). Time perspective, approaches to learning, and academic achievement in secondary students. Learning and Individual Differences, 55, 61-68.
Marôco, J. (2014). Análise estatística com o SPSS Statistics (6ª ed.). Pêro Pinheiro: Report Number.
Martins, C. (2011). Manual de análise de dados quantitativos com recurso ao IBM SPSS: Saber decidir, fazer, interpretar e redigir. Braga: Psiquilíbrios.
Saavedra, L., Araújo, A. M., Taveira, M.C., & Vieira, C.M. (2014). Dilemmas of girls and women in engineering: A study in Portugal. Educational Review, 66(3), 330-344.
Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using multivariate statistics (5th ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Week 1: Presentation of the course, teaching methods and evaluation, and expected outcomes; Research methods in psychology: basic concepts.
Week 2: The psychological research report: contents and style.
Week 3: The psychological research report: contents and style. Research questions in psychological research. The central role of the literature review.
Week 4: The psychological research report: contents and style. Research questions in psychological research. The central role of the literature review. Mini-quiz 1.
Week 5: Definition of the research's aims. Quantitative methods in psychological research: Fundaments and the researchers' assumptions; Research designs.
Week 6: Quantitative methods in psychological research: Research designs; Sampling.
Week 7: Quantitative methods in psychological research: Data collection - measures and procedures.
Week 8: Quantitative methods in psychological research: Ethical concerns in data collection and handling. Mini-quiz 2.
Week 9: Collaborative work for the development of research project, with tutorial supervision. Qualitative methods in psychological research: Fundaments and the researcher's assumptions.
Week 10: Qualitative methods in psychological research: Fundaments and the researcher's assumptions; Data collection.
Week 11: Qualitative methods in psychological research: Data organization; Data analysis.
Week 12: Mixed methods in psychological research. Mini-quiz 3.
Week 13: Collaborative work for the development of the research project, with tutorial supervision.
Week 14: Group assignment presentations.
Week 15: Final collaborative work seminar - finishing the research project.
Demonstration of the syllabus coherence with the curricular unit's objectives
In order to provide students with the opportunity for the development of competencies to select and use different psychological research methods, the programmatic contents include a diversity of quantitative, qualitative, and mixed-methods. In order to allow students to relate different methods to different research questions and know how to select these methods in accordance with the questions, the programmatic contents include the analysis and critical reflection about the psychological research report (aims, contents and style). Finally, in order to develop research planning skills, as well as of interpretation, critical analysis and/or the description of a methods section, the programmatic contents include the analysis of the style and content of reports, as well as of different options in goals, sampling, variables, data collection procedures, and data analysis.
Demonstration of the teaching methodologies coherence with the curricular unit's objectives
The expository methods in this course allow the transmission and analysis of new contents concerning quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods in psychological research. These methodologies support the acquisition of basic knowledge in this domain, by the students. Active participation methods will be accomplished through individual exercises of critical evaluation of research reports and the methods used in these reports, as well as by the development and presentation in group of two research projects. The individual and group assignments will contribute for the acquisition of critical thinking skills about the use of different research methods for different aims and research questions. Combining these different methods will therefore allow students to meet the goals of this course.
|relevant generic skill||improved?||assessed?|
|Achieving practical application of theoretical knowledge||Yes||Yes|
|Adapting to new situations||Yes||Yes|
|Analytical and synthetic skills||Yes||Yes|
|Balanced decision making||Yes||Yes|
|Commitment to effectiveness||Yes||Yes|
|Commitment to quality||Yes||Yes|
|Ethical and responsible behaviour||Yes||Yes|
|Event organization, planning and management||Yes||Yes|
|Foreign language proficiency||Yes|
|Information and learning management||Yes||Yes|
|Initiative and entrepreneurship capability||Yes||Yes|
|IT and technology proficiency||Yes||Yes|
|Problem Analysis and Assessment||Yes||Yes|
|Relating to others||Yes||Yes|
|Understanding multiculturalism and valuing diversity||Yes|
|Working in international context|
|Written and verbal communications skills||Yes||Yes|