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Political Science 2017/2018

  • 7 ECTS
  • Taught in Portuguese
  • Both continuous and final Assessment

Objectives

-To understand the concept of Political Science and its insersation in the portuguese law.
-To use correctly the contents of the Political Science.
-To identify the Political Science notion and the evolution of this subject of study.
-To describe the state historical evolution.
-To be able to identify the systems of government and administration.
-To explain the behavior and tipology of political parties and Political lobbies;
-To identify the state forms.

Recommended Prerequisites

Good knowledge and interpretation of the Portuguese language

Teaching Metodology

To comply with the required curriculum development and meet the proposed targets are followed various teaching / learning methodologies. The lecture is not waived where the debate of ideas and the expression of well-founded opinion is a constant, with the analysis and critical review of the Portuguese Constitution, ordinary legislation and other documents. Alongside the legal resolution of problems proposed allows very close contact with the reality of work and the difficulties and steps that will be outdated in a real context through case studies.Accompanying this process encourages the student to research and promotes up your self-study.

Body of Work

CHAPTER I
1. Political Science’s object
2. The State and the political phenomenon
3. The State and the political system
4. The politics as an art, a knowledge and a science
CHAPTER II
1. The State: Its Origin
2. Historical Types of State
CHAPTER III
1. Political Regimes
2. Government Systems
3. The Political System and the System of Government under the current Portuguese Constitution
CHAPTER IV
1. Political Parties
1.1. Concept and distinction between political party and Political Association
1.2. Historical evolution of Political Parties
1.3. Purposes and Functions of Political Parties
1.4. Types of Political Parties
1.5. Power structure and party participation
1.6. Party systems
1.7. The relationship between electoral systems and party systems
1.8. Political Parties in the current Constitution
2. Pressure Groups – lobbies

CHAPTER V
1. Forms of State

Recommended Bibliography

SILVA, Maria Manuela Magalhães e ALVES, Dora Resende - Noções de Direito Constitucional e Ciência Política. Lisboa: Editora Rei dos Livros.
CANOTILHO, J. Gomes - Direito Constitucional e Teoria da Constituição. Coimbra: Almedina Editora.
FERNANDES, António José - Introdução à Ciência Política
teorias, métodos e temáticas. Porto: Porto Editora.
MIRANDA, Jorge - Manual de Direito Constitucional. Coimbra: Coimbra Editora.

CONSTITUIÇÃO DA REPÚBLICA PORTUGUESA de 2 de Abril de 1976, na versão da 7.ª Revisão constitucional (Lei Constitucional n.º 1/2005 de 12 de Agosto):- (texto simples), edição de Maria Manuela Magalhães Silva, Instituto Superior Bissaya-Barreto,2007.

Diário da República- www.dre.pt
Base de dados do Instituto das Tecnologias de Informação na Justiça www.dgsi.pt
Procuradoria Geral da República- www.pgr.pt
Tribunal Constitucional- www.tribunalconstitucional.pt
Assembleia da Republica- www.parlamento.pt

Complementary Bibliography

CANOTILHO, J. Gomes e Moreira, Vital - Constituição da República Portuguesa Anotada, Coimbra Editora.
CARVALHO, Manuel Proença – Manual de Ciência Política e Sistemas Políticos e Constitucionais. 2.ª ed. act. e ampl. Lisboa: Quid Juris? Sociedade Editora Ld.ª, 2008. ISBN: 978-972-724-394-5.
Carvalho, Manuel Proença de – CIÊNCIA POLITICA e DIREITO CONSTITUCIONAL: Casos Práticos Resolvidos, Hipóteses e Testes. Lisboa: Editora Quid Juris.
PASQUINO, Gianfranco - Curso de Ciência Política. Estoril: Princípia, 2010.
PINTO, Ricardo Leite [et al.] – Ciência Política e Direito Constitucional: Teoria Geral do Estado, Formas de Governo, Eleições e Partidos Políticos. 4.ª ed. rev. e ampl. Lisboa: Universidade Lusíada Editora, 2009.(Manuais)

Weekly Planning

Week 1
Presentation.
Bibliographical and methodological guidelines.
Presentation of the evaluation system and of the classes’ functioning.

Week 2
CHAPTER I
1. Political Science’s object
2. The State and the political phenomenon
3. The State and the political system
4. The politics as an art, a knowledge and a science

Week 3
CHAPTER II
1. The State: Its Origin
2. Historical Types of State
2.1. concept
2.2. Reference and characterization of various forms of state in the pre-constitutional stage
2.2.1. Eastern, Greek and Roman State
2.2.2. Medieval State
2.2.3. Modern State: estamental State and Absolute State

Week 4
2.3. The state in the constitutional phase
2.3.1. Liberal State of Law

Week 5
2.3.2. Social and democratic state
2.3.3. Autocratic state of the twentieth century

Week 6
CHAPTER III
1. Political Regimes
1.1. notion
1.2. typology
1.2.1. Democratic Political Regime
1.2.2. Dictatorial Political Regime

Week 7
2. Government Systems
2.1. notion
2.2. typology
2.2.1. Dictatorial Government System

Week 8
2.2.2. Democratic Government System
2.2.2.1. Democratic government system of concentration of power
2.2.2.2. Democratic government system of separation of powers - direct, semi-direct and representative
2.2.2.3. System of Government Parliamentary Representative, Presidential and Semi-Presidential
3. The Political System and the System of Government under the current Portuguese Constitution

Week 9
CHAPTER IV
1. Political Parties
1.1. Concept and distinction between political party and Political Association
1.2. Historical evolution of Political Parties
1.3. Purposes and Functions of Political Parties
1.4. Types of Political Parties

Week 10
1.5. Power structure and party participation
1.6. party systems
1.7. The relationship between electoral systems and party systems
1.8. Political Parties in the current Constitution

Week 11
2. Pressure Groups – lobbies
2.1. Concept and characteristics
2.2. Distinction between pressure group, Interest Groups and Political Parties

Week 12
2.3. Types of Pressure Groups
2.4. Intervention points of Pressure Groups
2.5. Forms of the Pressure Groups

Week 13
CHAPTER V
1. Forms of State
1.1. notion
1.2. Distinguishing criteria
1.3. The Unitary or simple State
1.3.1. The Regional Unitary State

Week 14
1.4. Composed or complex State
1.4.1. The Federal State
1.4.2. The Real Union

Week 15
1.4.3. Distinction between Regional State and Federal State
1.5. The form of the Portuguese State



PRACTICAL CLASSES


1st Week (23 to 25 September)
Opening. Presentation of the discipline.
Presentation of the methodology.
Bibliographical indications.

2nd Week (28 September to 2 October)
Introductory notions within political science.
Analysis of articles from the Portuguese Constitution (CRP)
Analysis and discussion of the origin of the state.

3rd Week (5-9 October)
Presentation of texts for discussion and resolution of doubts regarding the state in the Constitutional stage.

4th Week (12-16 October)
Presentation of texts for discussion and resolution of doubts about the state in the Constitutional stage. - The case of the Portuguese State.

5th Week (19-23 October)
Analysis of Political Regimes and of government systems, and of what is established in the CRP.

6th week (26-30 October)
Review class for the realization of the 1st Mini-test.

7th week (2 to 6 November)
First Mini-test.

8th Week (9-13 November)
Analysis of government systems, and of what is established in the CRP, using the legal resolution of specific situations, according to the current CRP.

9th Week (16-20 November)
Case study and resolution of legal issues on political parties.
Analysis of articles of the Constitution.

10th Week (23-27 November)
Conjugation of party systems with electoral systems.
Legal problem solving.
Analysis of articles of the Constitution.

11th week (November 30 to December 4)
Conjugation of party systems with the systems of government.
Legal problem solving.
Analysis of articles of the Constitution.

12th week (7-11 December)
Continuation of previous contents

13th week (14-18 December)
Analysis of the various forms of state and resolution of doubts.

14th Week (4-8 Jan)
Reviews of matter for Mini-test 2

Demonstration of the syllabus coherence with the curricular unit's objectives

To understand the concept of Political Science and its insersation in the portuguese law, as To use correctly the contents of the Political Science and Identify the Political Science notion and the evolution of this subject of study is achieved through the study of Chapter I.To describe the state historical evolution can be reached with the contents of Chapter II.To be able to identify the systems of government and administration achieved through the study of Chapter III.
-To explain the behavior and tipology of political parties and Political lobbies can be reached with the contents of Chapter IV.To identify the state forms is achieved through the study of Chapter V.

Demonstration of the teaching methodologies coherence with the curricular unit's objectives

For all learning objectives uses the lecture method with the debate of ideas and expression well-founded opinion.So To understand the concept of Political Science and its insersation in the portuguese law, -To use correctly the contents of the Political Science, To identify the Political Science notion and the evolution of this subject of study and To describe the state historical evolution we use the analysis and critical review of the Portuguese Constitution, ordinary legislation and other documents.To be able to identify the systems of government and administration and To explain the behavior and tipology of political parties and Political lobbies we use the analysis and critical review of the Portuguese Constitution, ordinary legislation and makes use of the legal problem solving.To identify the state forms we use the case studies methodology.
Encourage the student to the research and its self-study this will allow achieving the goals more successfully, requiring their attendance and participation.

relevant generic skillimproved?assessed?
Achieving practical application of theoretical knowledgeYesYes
Analytical and synthetic skillsYesYes
Ethical and responsible behaviourYes 
Problem-solvingYesYes
Research skillsYesYes
Written and verbal communications skillsYesYes
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