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Psychology of Motivation 2017/2018

  • 5 ECTS
  • Taught in Portuguese
  • Continuous Assessment

Objectives

After to complete the curricular unit, the student should be able to:
- Identify the biological basis of human motivation;
- Analyze the importance of motivation in the orientation of behavior;
- Compare the concept of motivation with other concepts of psychological nature;
- Listing the different psychological theories of motivation, recognizing their fundamental assumptions;
- Demonstrate the transversality of motivation in different areas of psychological research/action;
- Select and get to know the specificities of the different measures for assessment of human motivation depending on the specificities of the context of application;
- Promote the motivation in different areas of psychological action.

Recommended Prerequisites

Knowledge allusive to the curricular units of Psychology of Cognition 1, History of Psychology and Human Biology. The outbound learning in this curriculum unit are in linkage and will be relevant to the understanding of the programmatic contents of uc of Psychopathology 1 (2nd year of curricular plan of the cycle of studies).

Teaching Metodology

The teaching of curricular unit will entail the use of teaching/learning methods which will involve lectures; exploration of papers; courses; exercises; competence development based on the use of the library and other sources of knowledge; individual and group work; tutorials; research; and open classes. The computer and the video projector will also be used.

Body of Work

1. Motivational systems
1.1. The biological bases of human motivation

2. Motivation as a process of modulation
2.1. Conceptual framework
2.2. Motivation and associated constructs
2.3. Motivation as action directed toward: control systems and homeostasis
2.4. Factors of motivation of human behavior

3. Theories of motivation: general theories and organizational theories
3.1. Behaviorist approach
3.2. Cognitive approach
3.3. Humanist approach
3.4. Psychoanalytic approach
3.5. The motivational theory of Maslow
3.6. The motivational theory of Herzberg
3.7. Douglas mcgregor's motivational theory: Theory X and Theory Y

4. Transversality of motivation in different areas of psychological research/action
4.1. Measures to evaluate human motivation
4.2. General principles of actions for the promotion of human motivation in different contexts (educational; clinical and health; forensic; organizational)

Recommended Bibliography

- Braver, T. S. (2016). Motivation and cognitive control. New York: Routledge

-Gleitman, H., Fridlund, A.J., & Reisberg, D. (2007). Psicologia (7ª edição). Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian. Serviço de Educação e Bolsas.

-Goleman, D. (2010). Trabalhar com inteligência emocional. Temas e Debates.

- Kressler, H. (2003). Motivate and reward: performance appraisal and incentive systems for business success. New York : Palgrave.

-Pinder, C. (2008). Work motivation in organization behavior. New York: Psychology Press.

-Sansone, C., & Harackiewicz, J. (2000). Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation : the search for optimal motivation and performance. San Diego : Academic Press.

-Weiner, I.B. (2003). Handbook of Psychology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Complementary Bibliography

During the presentation of the programmatic contents will be given additional information about other bibliography and/or papers relevant to the learning of the concepts whose purchase we want. When this happens the referred bibliography will be made available through the platform moodle.

Weekly Planning

CLASS 2017-02-06
- Presentation of curricular unit: objectives, programmatic contents, teaching and evaluation methodologies and planning of curricular unit.
- Presentation of the objectives, structure and evaluation parameters of the practical work.

CLASS 2017-02-07
- What is the human motivation?
- Interest in the study of human motivation.

CLASS 2017-02-13
- Human motivation and associated constructs: components of motivational sequence.
- Types of motives.
- Importance of goals for the orientation of human behavior.

CLASS 2017-02-14
- Tutorial support class for the group work (analysis of the articles selected by the different working groups and accompanied structuring of the review article).

CLASS 2017-02-20
- Affective component of human motivation: needs satisfaction and frustration.
- Strategies for dealing with the frustration.

CLASS 2017-02-21
- Implementation and discussion in group of the exercise "Night frustrated".

CLASS 2017-03-06
- Biological bases of human motivation.

CLASS 2017-03-07
- Carrying out practical exercises to apply the concepts explored so far.
- Clarification of doubts.

CLASS 2017-03-13
- Specificities of general psychological theories and organizational theories of human motivation.
- Assumptions of behaviorist approach and its importance for the understanding of human motivation (introduction).

CLASS 2017-03-14
- Assumptions of behaviorist approach and its importance for the understanding of human motivation (conclusion).
- Assumptions of cognitive approach and its importance for the understanding of human motivation (introduction).

CLASS 2017-03-20
- Assumptions of cognitive approach and its importance for the understanding of human motivation (conclusion).

CLASS 2017-03-21
- Delivery of the preliminary report required for the 1st evaluation element (practical work 1).
- Clarification of doubts and tutorial support for the accomplishment of the 2nd practical work.

CLASS 2017-03-27
- Assumptions of psychoanalytic approach and its importance for the understanding of human motivation (introduction).

CLASS 2017-03-28
- Assumptions of psychoanalytic approach and its importance for the understanding of human motivation (conclusion).
- General assumptions of humanistic approach and its importance for the understanding of human motivation.


CLASS 2017-04-03
- Assumptions of Maslow's motivational theory: hierarchy of needs.
- Importance of this humanist approach for the understanding of human motivation in the organizational context.

CLASS 2017-04-04
- Main assumptions of Bi-factorial Theory of Herzberg.

CLASS 2017-04-18
- Main assumptions of the Theory X and Theory Y of McGregor.

CLASS 2017-04-24
- Realization of practical exercises for application of the concepts explored until the moment.
- Clarification of doubts.

CLASS 2017-05-02
- Delivery of the first element of evaluation.
- Clarification of doubts and tutorial support in the accomplishment of the 2nd element of evaluation.

CLASS 2017-05-15
- Transversality of motivation in different domains of research / psychological action: realization of an open class.

CLASS 2017-05-16
- Practical exercises to consolidate the syllabus contents covered during the semester and clarification of doubts.

CLASS 2017-05-22
- Realization of the mini-test for knowledge assessment.

CLASS 2017-05-23
- Accompanied achievement and individual evaluation of the 2nd practical work.

CLASS 2017-05-29
- Accompanied achievement and individual evaluation of the 2nd practical work.

CLASS 2017-05-30
- Accompanied achievement and individual evaluation of the 2nd practical work.

Demonstration of the syllabus coherence with the curricular unit's objectives

The content relating to "Motivational systems" and sub-topics are going to meet the objective "Identify the biological bases"; the content "Motivation as a process of modulation" and sub-topics relate to compliance with the objectives "recognize the importance of motivation in the orientation of behavior" and "articulate the concept of motivation with other concepts"; the content relating to "Theories of motivation" relate to the objective "enumerate the different psychological theories of motivation, recognizing their fundamental assumptions"; the objectives "recognize the transversality of motivation in different areas of psychological research/action", "select and know different measures to evaluate human motivation depending on the specificities of the context" and "to promote motivation in different areas of psychological action" associate themselves with the exploitation of content related to "transversality of motivation in different areas" and respective sub-topics.

Demonstration of the teaching methodologies coherence with the curricular unit's objectives

The use of teaching/learning methods involving lectures, exploration of papers, courses, and exercises will be essential to identify the biological basis of human motivation, analyze the importance of motivation in the orientation of behavior, compare the concept of motivation with other concepts of psychological nature, and listing the different psychological theories of motivation, recognizing their fundamental assumptions. The use of teaching/learning methods involving competence development based on the use of the library and other sources of knowledge, individual and group work, tutorials, research, and open classes will be essencial to reach the aims concerning the demonstration of the transversality of motivation in different areas of psychological research/action, the selection and knowledge related to the specificities of the different measures for assessment of human motivation depending on the specificities of the context of application, and the promotion of the motivation in different areas of psychological action.

relevant generic skillimproved?assessed?
Achieving practical application of theoretical knowledgeYesYes
Analytical and synthetic skillsYesYes
Balanced decision makingYesYes
Commitment to effectivenessYesYes
Commitment to qualityYesYes
Cultural awarenessYesYes
Ethical and responsible behaviourYesYes
Event organization, planning and managementYesYes
Foreign language proficiency  
Information and learning managementYesYes
IT and technology proficiencyYesYes
Problem Analysis and AssessmentYesYes
Problem-solvingYesYes
Relating to othersYesYes
Research skillsYesYes
TeamworkYesYes
Written and verbal communications skillsYesYes
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