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Psychology of Motivation 2017/2018

  • 5 ECTS
  • Taught in Portuguese
  • Continuous Assessment

Objectives

After to complete the curricular unit, the student should be able to:
- Identify the biological basis of human motivation;
- Analyze the importance of motivation in the orientation of behavior;
- Compare the concept of motivation with other concepts of psychological nature;
- Listing the different psychological theories of motivation, recognizing their fundamental assumptions;
- Demonstrate the transversality of motivation in different areas of psychological research/action;
- Select and get to know the specificities of the different measures for assessment of human motivation depending on the specificities of the context of application;
- Promote the motivation in different areas of psychological action.

Recommended Prerequisites

Knowledge allusive to the curricular units of Psychology of Cognition 1, History of Psychology and Human Biology. The outbound learning in this curriculum unit are in linkage and will be relevant to the understanding of the programmatic contents of uc of Psychopathology 1 (2nd year of curricular plan of the cycle of studies).

Teaching Metodology

The teaching of curricular unit will entail the use of teaching/learning methods which will involve lectures; exploration of papers; courses; exercises; competence development based on the use of the library and other sources of knowledge; group work and fieldwork; tutorials; research; and open classes. The computer and the video projector will also be used.

Body of Work

1. Motivational systems
1.1. The biological bases of human motivation

2. Motivation as a process of modulation
2.1. Conceptual framework
2.2. Motivation and associated constructs
2.3. Motivation as action directed toward: control systems and homeostasis
2.4. Factors of motivation of human behavior

3. Theories of motivation: general theories and organizational theories
3.1. Behaviorist approach
3.2. Cognitive approach
3.3. Humanist approach
3.4. Psychoanalytic approach
3.5. The motivational theory of Maslow
3.6. The motivational theory of Herzberg
3.7. Douglas mcgregor's motivational theory: Theory X and Theory Y

4. Transversality of motivation in different areas of psychological research/action

Recommended Bibliography

- Braver, T. S. (2016). Motivation and cognitive control. New York: Routledge

-Gleitman, H., Fridlund, A.J., & Reisberg, D. (2007). Psicologia (7ª edição). Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian. Serviço de Educação e Bolsas.

-Goleman, D. (2010). Trabalhar com inteligência emocional. Temas e Debates.

- Kressler, H. (2003). Motivate and reward: performance appraisal and incentive systems for business success. New York : Palgrave.

-Pinder, C. (2008). Work motivation in organization behavior. New York: Psychology Press.

-Sansone, C., & Harackiewicz, J. (2000). Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation : the search for optimal motivation and performance. San Diego : Academic Press.

Complementary Bibliography

-Weiner, I.B. (2003). Handbook of Psychology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

During the presentation of the programmatic contents will be given additional information about other bibliography and/or papers relevant to the learning of the concepts whose purchase we want. When this happens the referred bibliography will be made available through the platform moodle.

Weekly Planning

CLASS OF 2018-02-05 (Mon; 3h)
- Presentation of curricular unit: objectives, programmatic contents, teaching and evaluation methodologies and planning of curricular unit.
- Presentation of the objectives, structure and evaluation parameters of the group work.
- What is human motivation? Brainstorming around the concept of human motivation.

CLASS OF 2018-02-09 (Fri; 1.5h + 1.5h)
- Study of human motivation: goals and constraints.
- Scientific definition of motivation and constituent elements of a motivational sequence.
- Application of the Think-Pair-Share methodology to materialize the previously referenced program contents.

CLASS OF 2018-02-16 (Fri; 1.5h + 1.5h)
- Exploration of the elements of a motivational sequence: types of motives and objectives; importance of the objectives for the activation and orientation of human behavior.
- Practical exercises.

CLASS OF 2018-02-19 (Mon, 3h)
- Feeling of frustration and its meaning.
- Different individual responses to the state of frustration: aggressiveness, rationalization, regression, resignation, transference, compensation, escape, projection and integration (video viewing).
- Practical exercise: "You will be frustrated".

CLASS OF 2018-02-20 (Tue; 2h)
- Characteristics of people with high motivation.
- Biological bases of human motivation.
- Notion of homeostasis.

CLASS OF 2018-02-23 (Fri; 1.5h + 1.5h)
- Review of the programmatic contents taught so far: implementation of the learning game Kahoot and clarification of doubts.
- Transversality of motivation in different domains of psychological investigation / action: open lecture "Jobshadowing's potentialities in the exploratory approach to professional reality", carried out by Prof. Doctor Inês Nascimento (FPCE-UP), 13h30-15h.

CLASS OF 2018-02-26 (Mon; 2 h)
- First mini-test for knowledge assessment (1st element of evaluation).

CLASS OF 2018-02-26 (Mon; 3h)
- Tutorial support class for group work (status of surveys, analysis of articles selected by the different working groups and structuring of the theoretical framework of the work).

CLASS OF 2018-02-27 (Tue; 2h)
- Specificities of general psychological theories and organizational theories of human motivation.
- Assumptions of the behavioral perspective and its importance for the understanding of human motivation (introduction).

CLASS OF 2018-03-02 (Fri; 1.5h + 1.5h)
- Assumptions of the behavioral perspective and its importance for the understanding of human motivation (conclusion).
- Assumptions of the cognitive perspective and its importance for the understanding of human motivation.

CLASS OF 2018-03-05 (Mon; 3h)
- Transversality of motivation in different domains of research / psychological action: open class "Motivation for smoking cessation: Definition and application", carried out by Prof. Doctor Fernanda Afonso (Clinical Psychologist).

CLASS OF 2018-03-09 (Fri; 1.5h + 1.5h)
- Assumptions of the psychoanalytical perspective and its importance for the understanding of human motivation.

CLASS OF 2018-03-12 (Mon; 3h)
- Transversality of motivation in different domains of research / psychological action: open lecture on "Motivational interview: procedures and application contexts", carried out by Prof. Doctor Daniel Rijo (FPCE-UC).

CLASS OF 2018-03-14 (Wed; 2h)
- Delivery of group work (2nd element of evaluation)
- General assumptions of the humanist perspective and its importance for the understanding of human motivation.
- Assumptions of Maslow's Motivational Theory: hierarchy of needs.

CLASS OF 2018-03-16 (Fri; 1.5h + 1.5h)
- Importance of Maslow's Motivational Theory for the understanding of human motivation in an organizational context.
- Fundamental concepts of Herzberg's Bi-factorial Theory.

CLASS OF 2018-03-19 (Mon; 3h)
- Fundamental concepts of McGregor's Theory X and Theory Y.

CLASS OF 2018-03-23 (Fri; 1.5h + 1.5h)
- Guided exploration of the scientific paper: Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2000). Self-Determination Theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being. American Psychologist, 55 (1), 68-78. DOI: 10.1037110003-066X.55.1.68
- Transversality of motivation in different fields of research / psychological action: open class "Motivational profiles in young athletes of competition", held by the student of the Master in Clinical and Health Psychology of UPT, Ricardo Freire, 13h30-15h.

CLASS OF 2018-04-06 (Fri; 1.5h + 1.5h)
- Transversality of motivation in different domains of research / psychological action: open lecture on "Academic Motivation: theoretical and practical considerations" carried out by Prof. Doctor Lurdes Veríssimo (Portuguese Catholic University)

CLASS 2018-04-09 (Mon; 3h)
- Review of the programmatic contents taught so far: implementation of the learning game Kahoot and clarification of doubts.

CLASS OF 2018-04-13 (Fri; 1.5h + 1.5h)
- Second mini-test for knowledge assessment (3rd element of evaluation).

Demonstration of the syllabus coherence with the curricular unit's objectives

The content relating to "Motivational systems" and sub-topics are going to meet the objective "Identify the biological bases"; the content "Motivation as a process of modulation" and sub-topics relate to compliance with the objectives "recognize the importance of motivation in the orientation of behavior" and "articulate the concept of motivation with other concepts"; the content relating to "Theories of motivation" relate to the objective "enumerate the different psychological theories of motivation, recognizing their fundamental assumptions"; the objectives "recognize the transversality of motivation in different areas of psychological research/action", "select and know different measures to evaluate human motivation depending on the specificities of the context" and "to promote motivation in different areas of psychological action" associate themselves with the exploitation of content

Demonstration of the teaching methodologies coherence with the curricular unit's objectives

The use of teaching/learning methods involving lectures, exploration of papers, courses, and exercises will be essential to identify the biological basis of human motivation, analyze the importance of motivation in the orientation of behavior, compare the concept of motivation with other concepts of psychological nature, and listing the different psychological theories of motivation, recognizing their fundamental assumptions. The use of teaching/learning methods involving competence development based on the use of the library and other sources of knowledge, individual and group work, tutorials, research, and open classes will be essencial to reach the aims concerning the demonstration of the transversality of motivation in different areas of psychological research/action, the selection and knowledge related to the specificities of the different measures for assessment of human motivation depending on the specificities of the context of application, and the promotion of the motivation in different areas of psychological action.

relevant generic skillimproved?assessed?
Achieving practical application of theoretical knowledgeYesYes
Analytical and synthetic skillsYesYes
Balanced decision making  
Commitment to effectivenessYesYes
Commitment to qualityYesYes
Cultural awarenessYesYes
Ethical and responsible behaviourYesYes
Event organization, planning and managementYesYes
Foreign language proficiency  
Information and learning management  
IT and technology proficiencyYesYes
Problem Analysis and AssessmentYesYes
Problem-solvingYesYes
Relating to othersYesYes
Research skillsYesYes
TeamworkYesYes
Written and verbal communications skillsYesYes
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