Fundamental Rights and Constitutional Law 2017/2018
- 6 ECTS
- Taught in Portuguese
- Both continuous and final Assessment
- relevant skillset
- That the student is able to:
- Recognize the basic concepts of constitutional law;
-Identify the types of unconstitutionality and its effects.
-Know and apply the whole system of supervision of constitutionality according to the Portuguese Constitution, in case studies;
- Identify the concept of fundamental rights in a historical-evolutionary perspective;
- Identify the diferent types of fundamental rights;
-To be able to deal with the Portuguese fundamental law, and can find and understand the provisions relating to fundamental rights.
Introdution to law
To comply with the required curriculum development and meet the proposed targets are followed various teaching / learning methodologies. The lecture is not waived where the debate of ideas and the expression of well-founded opinion is a constant, with the analysis and critical review of the Portuguese Constitution, ordinary legislation and Constitutional Court decisions. Alongside the legal resolution of problems proposed allows very close contact with the reality of work and the difficulties and steps that will be outdated in a real context through case studies.Accompanying this process encourages the student to research and promotes up self-study.
Body of Work
Summary Notions about Constitucional Law
Guaranty and Control of the Constitution: A Constitutional Justice
Silva, Maria Manuela Magalhães e Alves, Dora Resende - Noções de Direito Constitucional e Ciência Política. Reimpressão da 2.ª edição. Lisboa: Rei dos Livros.
Miranda, Jorge - Manual de Direito Constitucional – Direitos Fundamentais. Tomo IV. Coimbra: Coimbra Editora.
Andrade, José Carlos Vieira de - Os Direitos Fundamentais na Constituição Portuguesa de 1976, Coimbra: Livraria Almedina.
Canotilho, J. J. Gomes - Direito Constitucional e Teoria da Constituição. Coimbra: Livraria Almedina.
CONSTITUIÇÃO DA REPÚBLICA PORTUGUESA de 2 de Abril de 1976, na versão da 7.ª Revisão constitucional (Lei Constitucional n.º 1/2005 de 12 de Agosto), edição de Maria Manuela Magalhães Silva, Instituto Superior Bissaya-Barreto, 2007.
BRANCO, Ricardo - O Efeito Aditivo da Declaração de Inconstitucionalidade com força obrigatória geral. Coimbra: Wolters Kluwer Coimbra Editora.
__ e MOREIRA, Vital. Constituição da República Portuguesa - anotada. Vol. I e II. Coimbra Editora.
FONTES, José. Legislação de Direito Constitucional - textos legais e políticos. Almedina.
QUEIROZ, Cristina - Direitos Fundamentais – Teoria geral. Coimbra: Coimbra Editora.
MEDEIROS, Rui e MIRANDA, Jorge. - Constituição Portuguesa Anotada. Coimbra. Tomo I a III.
NOVAIS, Jorge Reis - As Restrições aos Direitos Fundamentais não expressamente autorizadas pela Constituição. Coimbra: Coimbra Editora.
__ Direitos Fundamentais e Justiça Constitucional em Estado de Direito democrático. Coimbra: Coimbra Editora.
REGO, Carlos Lopes do - Os Recursos de Fiscalização Concreta na lei e na jurisprudência do Tribunal Constitucional. Coimbra: Almedina.
BIBLIOGRAPHY AND METHODOLOGY.
Evaluation System and class functioning.
1. Notion of Constitutional Law
1.2.Regular rules and Constitutional rules
2. Legislative competence
3. Constitution as a privileged source of Constitutional Law
3.1. The hierarchy of legal rules
4. Other sources of Constitutional Law
CONSTITUTIONAL GUARANTEE AND CONTROL: CONSTITUTIONAL JUSTICE
Judicial review as as institution and guarantee and control of the Constitution
1. Requirements of constitutional judicial review
1.1. Legal force and supremacy of the Constitution
1.2. Control and “materialization”
1.3. Control and “constitutional justice”
2. The Models of Constitutional Justice
2.1. Fundamental models
2.2. Who Controls: the subjects of control
2.2.1. Political Control
2.2.2. Judicial Control:
a) The difuse system or american
b) The concentrated system or austrian
2.3. How it’s controlled: the control method
2.3.1. Incidental Control
2.3.2. Primary Control
2.3.3. Abstract and Particular control
2.4. When it’s controlled: the time of control
2.4.1. Preemptive control
2.4.2. Successive Control
2.5. Who asks for Control: active legitimacy
2.6. Effects of Control
2.6.1. General and Particular effects
2.6.2. Retroactive (ex tunc) and subsequent effects (ex nunc)
The system of constitutional control in the Constitution of 1976
1. Monarquic Constitutionalism: the absence of constitutional judicial review mechanisms
2. Republican Constitutionalism:
2.1. The Constitution of 1911: the reception of judicial review
2.2. The Constitution of 1933: keeping the mitigated system of difuse judicial review
2.3. The constitution of 1976:
2.3.1. Pre-Constitutional Review
2.3.2. Original System in the Constitution of 1976: the role of the Revolution Council
2.3.3.The judicial review system and the constitutional revisions
3. Global oversight of the current portuguese system
3.1. Difuse control, particular and incidental
3.2. Preemptive abstract control
3.3. Successive abstract control
3.4. Mixed control or declaration of unconstitutionality based on particular control
3.5.Constitutional Control by omission
4. Object of control
4.1. legal acts as an object of control
4.2. Catalog of legal acts subject to control
4.3. Catalog of legal acts which are not under control
5. Control Sanctions
5.1.Unconstitutionality in current Constitutional Law
5.1.1.Unconstitutionality and nullity
5.1.2. nullity and inexistence: nullity-inexistance
6. Vices that generate unconstitutionality
6.1. Formal Vices
6.2. Organic Vices
6.3. Material Vices
The Processes of control of illegality and unconstitutionality
1. The Process of particular control
2. The Process of abstract successive control
3.Process of declaration of unconstitutionality based on particular control – mixed control
4.Prcess of preemptive abstract control
5. Process of unconstitutionality by omission
(conclusion of the previous chapters)
Idea of fundamental rights and its compreension
1. Fundamental rights and Constitution
2. The Cultural Matrix
3. The requirement and the political-institutional context
4. Breaking of the state frontiers – “internationalization” and the «universalization» of fundamental rights
Historical evolution of fundamental rights
1. Evolution until now.
2. The direction of the evolution and its requirements.
Fundamental Rights in the Portuguese Constitution
1. Primary location of fundamental rights in the Constitution
2. The “opening” of the constitutional catalog
3. The possible formal “sources” of fundamental rights
4. The juridical effectiveness of the fundamental rights of an non-constitutional source
Structure and types of fundamental rights
1. The Classifications of fundamental rights
2. The distinction between rights, liberties and guaranties and the other fundamental rights
3. The system of rights, liberties and garanties
The legal force of the rules concerning fundamental rights
1. Direct enforcement
2. Obligation of the private and public entities
3. Obligation of the public entities: manner and terms
4. the legal force of the rules concerning social rights
Guardianship of fundamental rights
1. The legal-institutional protection
2. The guardianship of the social rights
Revision of the previous chapters.
Exposition about adopted methodology. Indication of bibliography.
Introduction to the basics of constitutional justice – presentation of the Constitutional Court.
Analysis of the Portuguese Republic Constitution and Organic Law of the Constitutional Court
The Constitution – analysis of the document and its rules.
The hierarchy of laws and its legislative function – recalling learned concepts.
The hierarchy of the ordinary rules – legal problem solving.
The constitutional laws, the ordinary law of reinforced value and the laws of limited scope
Legal problem solving of cases about the legislative function
The legal competence of the Portuguese Constitutional Court.
The current state of the jurisprudence of the Constitutional Court.
The ystem of judicial control of constitutionality in the Portuguese Constitution of 1976 after 1982
1st Mini-evaluation test – element of mixed evaluation.
The legal rule concerning judicial control. Jurisprudencial evolution.
The processes of control concerning unconstitutionality and illegality.
Legal problem solving concerning cases of constitutionality.
Fundamental Rights. Analysis of the Portuguese Republic Constitution and ordinary legislation.
The Fundamental Rights. Analysis of of the Portuguese Republic Constitution, ordinary legislation and opinions of the Constitutional Court.
Legal problem solving concerning the control of constitutionality and fundamental rights.
2nd Mini-evaluation test – mixed evaluation element.
Demonstration of the syllabus coherence with the curricular unit's objectives
It is intended that students acquire knowledge that enables, using the laws, find ways of solving the practical issues that arise in this context.So Recognizing the basic concepts of constitutional law is achieved through the initial study of Part I with Summary Notions about Constitucional Law; Analyze the types of unconstitutionality and its effects and apply the whole system of supervision of constitutionality according to the Portuguese Constitution, in case studies is achieved with Part II; Identify the concept of fundamental rights, a historical-evolutionary perspective is achieved with the contents of Part III, Chapters I and II; Identify the diferent types of fundamental rights and To be able to deal with the Portuguese fundamental law, and can find and understand the provisions relating to fundamental rights can be reached for the content of Part III Chapters III, IV, V and VI.
Demonstration of the teaching methodologies coherence with the curricular unit's objectives
For all learning objectives uses the lecture method with the debate of ideas and expression well-founded opinion.
so: To Recognize the basic concepts of constitutional law it uses the interrogative method to re-situate the student in the whole issue, already addressed in the previous year in the discipline of constitutional law.To Identify the types of unconstitutionality and its effects and -Know and apply the whole system of supervision of constitutionality according to the Portuguese Constitution, we use the case studies methodology.To Identify the concept of fundamental rights in a historical-evolutionary perspective, Identify the diferent types of fundamental rights and To be able to deal with the Portuguese fundamental law, and can find and understand the provisions relating to fundamental rights we use the analysis and critical review of the Portuguese Constitution, ordinary legislation and Constitutional Court decisions.
|relevant generic skill||improved?||assessed?|
|Achieving practical application of theoretical knowledge||Yes||Yes|
|Analytical and synthetic skills||Yes||Yes|
|Ethical and responsible behaviour||Yes|
|Written and verbal communications skills||Yes||Yes|